Question: Who Were The Edomites?
The word Edom first appeared in the 25th chapter of the book of Genesis, when Esau the first born son of Isaac sold his birthright to his twin brother Jacob. And Esau said to Jacob, feed me, I pray thee with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom. Genesis 25:30. The story of the Edomites began from the womb of Rebekah the mother of the twin brothers Esau and Jacob, who struggled with themselves right from their mother’s womb even until their birth. The struggle aroused the curiosity of their mother that she had to go on to enquire of the Lord what was happening within her. And the children struggled together within her; and she said, if it be so, why am I thus? And she went to enquire of the Lord. And the LORD said unto her, two nations are in thyd womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger. And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau. Genesis 25:22-25.
Ignorant of the fact that he had been destined to serve his younger brother, Esau hastily sold his birthright to Jacob his brother. It later brought about hatred and enmity between the both of them. Esau hated his brother for the thing which he had rashly done, and didn’t even stop there, Jacob went on to subtly collect his blessings from their father Isaac.
Esau, who was born red, also traded his birthright for a red pottage, there he came about the name Edom, and all of his descendants are known and referred to as Edomites. Jacob became the father of the Israelites, and Esau the father of the Edomites.
However the hatred which has existed from Esau towards Jacob his brother seems to have remained from many generations, this can be evidently proven from the account of the passage of the children of Israel when coming from out of the land of Egypt. They asked to pass through the Land of Edom peacefully without touching anything that belongs to them. But the refused and resented because of the old hatred that has existed right from times of their fathers. Let us pass, I pray thee, thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of thy wells: we will go by the kings high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders. And Edom said unto him, thou shall not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword. And the children of Israel said unto him, we will go by the highway: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing anything else go through on my feet. And he said, thou shall not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand. Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him. Numbers 20:17-21.
However because of their relationship Israel has been command by God never to hate the Edomites. Deuteronomy 27:7. Despite that the Edomites never cease to revolt against the children of Israel.
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